The peak of lithium battery scrap is coming。
"At present, the industry to the power battery treatment market is bullish, a large number of capital want to enter." "Guangdong State PU Recycling Technology Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as" Guangdong State Pu ") Vice President Yu Haijun said," but one can not overlook the problem is that the enterprise's own business model, technology base and other aspects of the comprehensive strength and potential to determine how far this industry can go in the future. " ”
In bump, Guangdong, for example, the company was founded in 2005, the number of employees has increased from the initial 20 to more than 600 people, and the current annual processing of waste batteries more than 20,000 tons, annual production of nickel cobalt manganese hydroxide 10,000 tons, in the industry this is not a small number。
Looking to the future of China's auto market, it is not difficult to glimpse the historical opportunities in the market for power battery processing。
In the September 9 of this year's China Auto Industry Development International Forum, the Vice Minister of Guobin revealed that China has started to study the withdrawal timetable of traditional fuel vehicles, and from now until 2025 should be the most drastic transformation of the automotive industry's strategic years.
According to the industry think-tank Research Institute of Lithium Electricity, the future 5 years, the domestic production and marketing of new energy vehicles annual composite growth rate is expected to exceed 30%, directly driving the rapid growth of power battery demand. 2015 national Power Battery output value of 38 billion yuan, the year-on-year growth of 262%, and then to 2016, production value of more than 64.5 billion yuan, the first time more than the traditional digital lithium battery scale, to become lithium-ion battery consumption structure accounted for the largest area.
While lithium batteries are replacing lead batteries as the mainstream option for new energy vehicles, "the first electric vehicles to use lithium batteries (lithium-ion battery) began to enter the market 5 years ago." Wang Jingzhong, vice chairman of China Battery Industry Association, told 1 ℃ reporters.
Superimposed power battery 5-8 years of service, which means that since 2018, the first domestic market to enter the car battery will usher in the "Scrap tide." At that time, the power battery recycling market targets, from lead-acid batteries to lithium batteries and other categories.
In addition, according to the research Institute of Lithium-Electric, the domestic power battery scrap will exceed 248,000 tonnes by 2020, about 20 times times the amount of scrap in 2016.
"The number is very large, and the power battery and the normal daily battery are the two-magnitude concept." "The National New Energy Automobile Technology innovation Engineering expert Group leader Wang Binggang to first finance 1 ℃ reporter said, once the processing is not good," may be a new environmental disaster. "
The Power battery recovery and treatment industry is coming。 On the one hand to deal with environmental pollution, on the other hand, it is necessary to face the need for power batteries cobalt, nickel and other raw materials rely on imports more dilemma。 Wang Binggang and other respondents told reporters that the recovery of power batteries, in addition to solving the pollution problem, the heavy metal in the battery recycling, but also to support the sustainable development of electric vehicles。
Public data show that 2016, China's new energy (7.630,-0.10,-1.29%) car sales of 507,000 vehicles, retained the volume of millions, by 2020, the cumulative production will exceed 5 million vehicles. By 2018, the cumulative waste power lithium battery scrap will exceed 170,000 tons, the recovery of cobalt, nickel, manganese, lithium and iron and other metals created by the recycling market will exceed 5.3 billion yuan, to 2020 will exceed tens of billions of dollars.
Recycling of these metals is not only a business opportunity but also an imminent one.
The so-called business opportunities, with the Canton State general mode as an example, through their own and cooperation channels of recovery system, it is the power battery recycling, and then, because of its own recycling technology, it will be the power battery inside the metal into raw materials for the production of new power battery.
海南4+1Yu Haijun called the "directional cycle" of this model, that is, the power battery waste recovery to achieve "where to go back to", not only reduce the production costs of enterprises, but also help enterprises continue to grow and develop。
The imminent pressure of recovering rare metals, such as cobalt and nickel from scrap power batteries, is not only limited by the impending situation of more types of battery scrap, but also the policy signals of recent actions and pronouncements by relevant ministry officials。
海南4+1October 13 this year, the National Development and Reform Commission, Deputy director of the Department of Marong and other relevant departments in Hunan province to carry out a power battery resource utilization research, and in Guangdong state Pu, Hunan State General circulation Technology Co。, Ltd。 held power Battery resource utilization Research Symposium。
For the small peak of power battery scrap will soon come, Marong called for "all auto companies, battery companies should strictly implement the extension of producer responsibility, joint battery recycling enterprises, ready to meet the peak."
We need to start at the source.
At the same time, as the general manager of Hunan State PU Recycling Technology Co., Ltd. Yu Haijun participated in the symposium. When the reporter asked Marong wait until the company research, Yu Haijun Introduction said, "state leaders, ministry leaders to the state-PU Hunan Base investigation is very concerned about environmental issues." ”
These problems mainly include: solid waste recycling processing enterprises in the process of their own environmental protection, whether the technology is also advanced in the international; What is the difficulty of the battery recycling, which involves the problem of battery recovery, why not to return and so on.
In response to the above questions, Yu Haijun and other enterprises participants give the answer is: This industry involves physics, chemistry, materials, metallurgy, machinery, electrochemistry and other disciplines, there is no state-level research platform, in this industry, enterprises each do each, say their best。
The industry generally believes that waste power battery recovery, safe dismantling, environmental protection, product quality assurance and reuse technology is still the common problems faced by the industry, it is urgent to jointly establish a sound recovery system, standard system and a strong national Engineering research Center to ensure the healthy development of the power battery recovery industry.
At the same symposium, Marong responded that relevant government departments should join hands with industry chain upstream and downstream enterprises to accelerate the establishment of a sound battery recovery system and standard system, strengthen guidance and supervision, to avoid waste power batteries into the hands of small vendors with no processing qualification; In addition, we should improve the supervision system, accelerate the extension of the disassembly manual, battery code , reputation system and other systems to ensure the power battery in circulation of information disclosure and traceability of the recovery system.
Marong also disclosed that the state in the "Thirteen-Five" planning emphasis on the solid waste of the resources of treatment, later will be published in succession of power battery dismantling, testing and other policies and recycling technology requirements。
Recycling of batteries is also a priority for Japan and a decade-old practice. Data show that since October 1994, Japan's battery manufacturers have formed a "battery production and sales-recycling-recycling" of the battery recycling system, battery retailers, car dealers and gas stations can be free from consumers to recover used batteries.
In recent years, the gradual attention of the vehicle power Battery recovery, the Japanese car companies are also commendable action.
Toyota Motor, for example, in 2011, with Sumitomo Metal in Japan to start the recovery of Ni-MH batteries in the project, with the help of Sumitomo Metal high-purity Extraction Technology, has been able to recycle 50% of nickel in the battery pack, thus realizing the hybrid electric vehicle battery in the use of nickel multiple Honda Motor Co., in 2012, collaborated with Japan's heavy chemical industry company to deploy a production line that recycled 80% of rare earth metals for use in the manufacture of new nickel-hydrogen batteries.
In the area of subsidy applications, companies surveyed told reporters that at present, many enterprises to the local government to apply for corporate subsidies, which is understandable in a period of time, but if the long-term dependence on subsidies, the health of the entire industry development and not good, the enterprise only has the function of the hematopoiesis, can form an industry, with the future.
In addition, the industry is more concerned about how to curb and combat the illegal second-hand recovery market, which is also a technical problem.
Days can group chairman Zhang Tianjin said, because not to bear the responsibility of environmental protection and tax, illegal recovery, production and regeneration has formed a certain scale, and there is a growing trend。
This can be seen in the online search. When the reporter on-line input "Power battery recovery" and other keywords, the page appeared many advertised "high-priced purchase of Power Battery" page, the Web page with the Business Contact and address. The reporter then sold the identity of the waste battery to a few companies have been contacted. In the negotiations, the other side quickly said the scrap power battery "How many are collected", "The more the better".
However, when asked how they would handle the batteries they received, the response was always "you don't need to know" or simply didn't reply。 When the reporter said, willing to send waste batteries to the other side of the factory, "Our factory is very remote, you can not find。" One merchant replied。
What are the mature practices for effective battery recycling overseas? With respect to the practice of overseas developed countries, perhaps Germany's deposit system is a good choice, the scope of its application is Toxic Ni-CD batteries and mercury-containing batteries, consumers buy each battery contains a certain deposit, when the consumer with waste batteries to exchange, the price automatically deducted deposit. In addition, in Germany, consumers will use the battery to the store or waste recycling station, the other side must unconditionally accept the waste battery, and transfer to the processing factory for recycling.
In terms of legal restraint and support, there should be greater domestic. Wang Binggang and other respondents believe that domestic has formulated policies and technical standards, all for guidance or recommendatory guidance documents, for the regular power battery recycling enterprises have reference guidance, but for the informal traders are very difficult to play a binding role, for this, the state should be issued with sufficient support, The laws and regulations of binding and enforcing force.
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